Vol. 16 nº 2 - Apr/May/Jun de 2022
Original Article Páginas: 202 a 212

Use of multisensory stimulation in institutionalized older adults with moderate or severe dementia

Authors Bento Miguel Machado1; Carla da Silva Santana Castro2

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keywords: Dementia; Complementary Therapies; Behavior; Health of Institutionalized Elderly.

ABSTRACT:
The Multisensory Stimulation Program can help manage behavioral and psychological symptoms of dementia.
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to investigate the effects of the Multisensory Stimulation Program on behavioral, mood, and biomedical parameters of older adults with moderate and severe dementia compared to a control group not submitted to this program.
METHODS: This study is an interventional, parallel, open-label, quasi-experimental clinical trial, which is quantitative and qualitative in nature and is also an exploratory type. The sample was divided for convenience into intervention group (IG) and control group (GC) that did not participate in the Multisensory Stimulation Program. Data analysis included descriptive statistics, nonparametric tests (two-tailed alpha value of 0.1 was applied), and thematic content analysis.
RESULTS: The sample consisted of 20 older adults (IG=10 and GC=10), with a mean age of 83 years, an average of 3 years of education, and moderate or severe dementia. Reduction in intervention group behavioral changes (p=0.059) and numerical improvement in intervention group cognition were observed. A decrease in heart rate (p<0.05) and diastolic blood pressure (p<0.05) was observed before and immediately after the session in the intervention group. The caregivers described engaged behavior in intervention group, while they reported apathetic behavior in control group. Session records described verbal and nonverbal communication and sustained attention for more than 3 min regarding the sensory resource explored.
CONCLUSIONS: The Multisensory Stimulation Program could be a new look at the health care practices performed in the nursing homes that consider the older adultsâ?T sensory preferences and may help with dementia behavior management.

 

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