Vol. 1 nº 3 - Jul/Aug/Set de 2007
Original Article Páginas: 266 a 275

Right hemisphere damage: communication processing in adults evaluated by the Brazilian Protocole MEC - Bateria MAC*

Authors Rochele Paz Fonseca1, Jandyra Maria Guimarães Fachel2, Márcia Lorena Fagundes Chaves3, Francéia Veiga Liedtke4, Maria Alice de Mattos Pimenta Parente5

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keywords: neuropsychology, right hemisphere, brain damage, communication.

ABSTRACT:
Right-brain-damaged individuals may present discursive, pragmatic, lexical-semantic and/or prosodic disorders. Objective: To verify the effect of right hemisphere damage on communication processing evaluated by the Brazilian version of the Protocole Montréal d'Évaluation de la Communication (Montreal Communication Evaluation Battery) - Bateria Montreal de Avaliação da Comunicação, Bateria MAC, in Portuguese. Methods: A clinical group of 29 right-brain-damaged participants and a control group of 58 non-brain-damaged adults formed the sample. A questionnaire on sociocultural and health aspects, together with the Brazilian MAC Battery was administered. Results: Significant differences between the clinical and control groups were observed in the following MAC Battery tasks: conversational discourse, unconstrained, semantic and orthographic verbal fluency, linguistic prosody repetition, emotional prosody comprehension, repetition and production. Moreover, the clinical group was less homogeneous than the control group. Conclusions: A right-brain-damage effect was identified directly, on three communication processes: discursive, lexical-semantic and prosodic processes, and indirectly, on pragmatic process.

 

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