Vol. 15 nº 4 - Oct/Nov/Dec de 2021
Original Article Páginas: 533 a 540

Mental health among students with neurodevelopment disorders: case of dyslexic children and adolescents

Authors Said Ihbour; Hammou Anarghou; Abdelmounaim Boulhana; Mohamed Najimi; Fatiha Chigr

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keywords: self-esteem, anxiety, depression, dyslexia.

ABSTRACT:
Several research studies have been devoted to study the links between emotional disorders and learning disabilities. However, very minimal of this research has focused on dyslexic students.
OBJECTIVE: The objectives of this study were as follows: (1) to assess self-esteem, anxiety, and depression in dyslexic Arabic-speaking children and adolescents and (2) to describe psychiatric comorbidities in these subjects by comparing them to their non-dyslexic peers.
METHODS: In total, 205 students (56 dyslexics and 149 good readers), pursuing their education in ordinary schools in the Beni Mellal-Khenifra region of Morocco responded to Taylor's Self-Assessment Scale of Anxiety, Beck's Depression Questionnaire, and the Coopersmith Self-Esteem Inventory (SEI).
RESULTS: Overall, dyslexics were more anxious, more depressed, and had disturbed self-esteem compared to their non-dyslexic peers. The percentage of psychiatric comorbidity was higher in the dyslexic group.
CONCLUSIONS: The results of this study highlight the need for a multidisciplinary approach that integrates emotional needs assessment into the rehabilitation care of dyslexic children and adolescents.

 

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