Vol. 15 nº 4 - Oct/Nov/Dec de 2021
Original Article Páginas: 524 a 532

Nonsymbolic and symbolic numerical magnitude processing in the brazilian children with mathematics difficulties

Authors Isabella Starling-Alves1,2; Annelise Júlio-Costa2; Ricardo José de Moura3; Vitor Geraldi Haase2,4,5,6


keywords: mathematics, neuropsychology, dyscalculia.

It is still debated if the main deficit in mathematical difficulties (MD) is nonsymbolic or symbolic numerical magnitude processing.
OBJECTIVES: In the present study, our main goal was to investigate nonsymbolic and symbolic numerical magnitude processing in MD and the relationship between these abilities and arithmetic.
METHODS: The Brazilian school-age children with MD completed a nonsymbolic and a symbolic numerical magnitude comparison task and an arithmetic task. We compared their performance with a group of children with typical achievement (TA) and investigated the association between numerical magnitude processing and arithmetic with a series of regression analyses.
RESULTS: Results indicated that children with MD had low performance in the nonsymbolic numerical magnitude comparison task. Performance in both nonsymbolic and symbolic numerical magnitude comparison tasks predicted arithmetic abilities in children with TA, but not in children with MD.
CONCLUSIONS: These results indicate that children with MD have difficulties in nonsymbolic numerical magnitude processing, and do not engage basic numerical magnitude representations to solve arithmetic.


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