Vol. 15 nº 3 - Jul/Aug/Set de 2021
Original Article Páginas: 350 a 356

Depressive symptoms may be associated with semantic memory decline in elderly adults

Authors Mariana Faoro; Amer Cavalheiro Hamdan


keywords: depression, elderly, memory, semantic memory disorders, neuropsychological tests, cognition.

Depressive symptoms are associated with a decline of episodic memory, but the relationship with semantic memory remains unclear.
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to analyze the relationship of depressive symptoms with the semantic memory in a community-based sample of elderly adults. The sample comprised two groups, namely, clinical (with depressive symptoms) and control.
METHODS: The following instruments were used General Evaluation Questionnaire, Montreal Cognitive Assessment-Basic, Wechsler Abbreviate Scale of Intelligence, Geriatric Depression Scale-30 (GDS-30), Beck Depression Inventory-II, Boston Nomination Test (BNT), vocabulary, verbal fluency test (fruits and animals), and Brief Cognitive Screening Battery.
RESULTS: The results showed a significant difference between groups only in BNT. A significant correlation was observed between the BNT and GDS-30. Participants with symptoms of severe depression performed poorly on BNT when compared with individuals with mild symptoms.
CONCLUSION: These results support the hypothesis that depressive symptoms in elderly adults can affect semantic memory and may worsen with the severity of symptoms.


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