Vol. 15 nº 3 - Jul/Aug/Set de 2021
Original Article Páginas: 299 a 313

Age-related episodic memory decline and the role of amyloid-β: a systematic review

Authors Jandirlly Julianna Souto1,2; Gabriella Medeiros Silva1,2; Natalia Leandro Almeida1,2; Irina Ivanovna Shoshina3; Natanael Antonio Santos1,2; Thiago Paiva Fernandes1,2


keywords: memory, memory, episodic, aging, healthy aging, beta amyloid, systematic review.

Aging has been associated with the functional decline of episodic memory (EM). Unanswered questions are whether the decline of EM occurs even during healthy aging and whether this decline is related to amyloid-β (Aβ) deposition in the hippocampus.
OBJECTIVE: The main purpose of this study was to investigate data on the relationship between the age-related EM decline and Aβ deposition.
METHODS: We searched the Cochrane, MEDLINE, Scopus, and Web of Science databases and reference lists of retrieved articles that were published in the past 10 years. The initial literature search identified 517 studies. After screening the title, abstract, key words, and reference lists, 56 studies met the inclusion criteria.
RESULTS: The overall results revealed that increases in Aβ are related to lower hippocampal volume and worse performance on EM tests. The results of this systematic review revealed that high levels of Aβ may be related to EM deficits and the progression to Alzheimer's disease.
CONCLUSIONS: We discussed the strengths and pitfalls of various tests and techniques used for investigating EM and Aβ deposition, methodological issues, and potential directions for future research.


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