Vol. 15 nº 2 - Apr/May/Jun de 2021
Original Article Páginas: 200 a 209

Assessment of judgment ability in a Brazilian sample of patients with mild cognitive impairment and dementia

Authors Patrícia Helena Figueirêdo do Vale-Britto1; Laura Rabin2; Livia Spindola1; Ricardo Nitrini1; Sonia Maria Dozzi Brucki1

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keywords: judgment, mild cognitive impairment, Alzheimer disease, frontotemporal dementia, neuropsychological tests.

ABSTRACT:
Judgment is the ability to make sound decisions after consideration of relevant information, possible solutions, likely outcomes, and contextual factors. Loss of judgment is common in patients with mild cognitive impairment (MCI) and dementia. The Test of Practical Judgment (TOP-J) evaluates practical judgment in adults and the elderly, with 15- and 9-item versions that require individuals to listen to scenarios about everyday problems and report their solutions.
OBJECTIVE: Adaptation of TOP-J for a Brazilian sample, preparation of a reduced version and verification of the accuracy of both.
METHODS: Eighty-five older adults, including 26 with MCI, 20 with Alzheimer's disease (AD), 15 with frontotemporal dementia behavioral variant (FTDbv) and 24 controls, underwent neuropsychological assessment including the Brazilian adaptation of the TOP-J (TOP-J-Br).
RESULTS: On both TOP-J-Br versions, controls outperformed MCI, AD and FTDbv patients (p<0.001) and MCI outperformed AD and FTDbv (p<0.001). For the TOP-J/15-Br, the best cutoff for distinguishing controls and patients had a sensitivity of 91.7%, specificity of 59.0% and area under the curve of 0.8. For the TOP-J/9-Br, the best cutoff for distinguishing controls and patients had a sensitivity of 79.9%, specificity of 72.1% and area under the curve of 0.82.
CONCLUSION: The TOP-J/15-Br, and particularly the TOP-J/9-Br, showed robust psychometric properties and the potential for clinical utility in Brazilian older adults at various stages of neurodegenerative cognitive decline.

 

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