Vol. 15 nº 2 - Apr/May/Jun de 2021
Original Article Páginas: 173 a 185

The Figure Memory Test: diagnosis of memory impairment in populations with heterogeneous educational background

Authors Ricardo Nitrini; Sonia Maria Dozzi Bucki; Mônica Sanches Yassuda; Helenice Charchat Fichman; Paulo Caramelli


keywords: dementia, mild cognitive impairment, Alzheimer disease, memory, education, brief cognitive screening battery.

Diagnosis of cognitive impairment is usually difficult in low-educated individuals. The Brief Cognitive Screening Battery (BCSB) was designed as a screening tool for the evaluation of cognitive impairment in low-educated individuals, but it may also be used for evaluating individuals with high educational level.
OBJECTIVES: To perform a narrative review analyzing the origin of the BCSB, to report all studies that have used the Figure Memory Test (FMT) of the BCSB, and to demonstrate that it is a useful battery for regions where populations have heterogeneous educational background.
METHODS: We performed a search in PubMed, SciELO, and LILACS using the terms "Brief Cognitive Screening Battery" and "Brief Cognitive Battery".
RESULTS: We obtained 49 papers from PubMed, 32 from SciELO, and 28 from LILACS. After the exclusion of duplicate papers, 54 publications were obtained; five more studies were included from previous knowledge of the authors. Twenty-four papers were related to the impact of education on performance, diagnostic accuracy, cutoff scores and normative studies. The delayed recall of the FMT showed the best accuracy for the diagnosis of dementia with a cutoff score of ≤5 in different education levels. In 35 papers, the FMT of the BCSB was used in clinical studies with different settings, from outpatient memory clinics to epidemiological studies and evaluation of Amazon river basin dwelling individuals, and it was always considered to be easy to apply.
CONCLUSIONS: The FMT of the BCSB is an easy and short tool for the diagnosis of dementia in populations with heterogeneous educational background.


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