Vol. 15 nº 1 - Jan/Feb/Mar de 2021
Original Article Páginas: 128 a 135

Neuropsychiatric symptoms associated with family caregiver burden and depression

Authors Lais Lopes Delfino1; Ricardo Shoiti Komatsu2; Caroline Komatsu3; Anita Liberalesso Neri1; Meire Cachioni4

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keywords: behavioral symptoms, Alzheimer's disease, depression, caregivers.

ABSTRACT:
Alzheimer's disease (AD) is a progressive and degenerative condition affecting several cognitive areas, with a decline in functional abilities and behavioral changes.
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the association between neuropsychiatric symptoms in older adults with AD and caregiver burden and depression.
METHODS: A total of 134 family caregivers of older people diagnosed with AD answered a questionnaire with sociodemographic data and questions concerning the care context, neuropsychiatric symptoms, caregiver burden, and depressive symptoms.
RESULTS: Results revealed that 95% of older adults had at least one neuropsychiatric symptom, with the most common being: apathy, anxiety, and depression. Among the 12 neuropsychiatric symptoms investigated, 10 were significantly associated with caregiver burden, while 8 showed significant correlations with depressive symptoms.
CONCLUSIONS: Neuropsychiatric symptoms were related to caregiver burden and depressive symptoms. In addition to the older adult with AD, the caregiver should receive care and guidance from the health team to continue performing quality work.

 

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