Vol. 15 nº 1 - Jan/Feb/Mar de 2021
Original Article Páginas: 98 a 104

Evaluation of sensitivity and specificity of the INECO Frontal Screening and the Frontal Assessment Battery in mild cognitive impairment

Authors Zoylen Fernández-Fleites1,2; Elizabeth Jiménez-Puig1,2; Yunier Broche-Pérez1,2; Sheyla Morales-Ortiz1,2; Darlyn Alejandra Reyes Luzardo3; Luis Ramón Crespo-Rodríguez4

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keywords: mild cognitive impairment, cognitive assessment screening instrument, sensitivity, specificity.

ABSTRACT:
The Frontal Assessment Battery (FAB) and the INECO Frontal Screening (IFS) are two instruments frequently used to explore cognitive deficits in different diseases. However, studies reporting their use in patients with mild cognitive impairment (MCI) are limited.
OBJECTIVE: To compare the sensitivity and specificity of FAB and IFS in mild cognitive impairment (multiple-domain amnestic MCI subtype - md-aMCI).
METHODS: IFS and FAB were administered to 30 md-aMCI patients and 59 healthy participants. Sensitivity and specificity were investigated using the Receiver Operating Characteristic (ROC) analysis.
RESULTS: The area under the ROC curve (AUC) of IFS for MCI patients was .82 (sensitivity=0.96; specificity=0.76), whereas the AUC of FAB was 0.74 (sensitivity=0.73; specificity=0.70).
CONCLUSIONS: In comparison to FAB, IFS showed higher sensitivity and specificity for the detection of executive dysfunctions in md-aMCI subtype. The use of IFS in everyday clinical practice would allow detecting the frontal dysfunctions in MCI patients with greater precision, enabling the early intervention and impeding the transition to more severe cognitive alterations.

 

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