Vol. 14 nº 4 - Oct/Nov/Dec de 2020
History Note Páginas: 419 a 421

Phineas Gage's great legacy

Authors Ricardo Vieira Teles Filho

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keywords: Phineas Gage; behavioral symptoms; history

ABSTRACT:
The case of Phineas Gage is an integral part of medical folklore. His accident still causes astonishment and curiosity and can be considered as the case that most influenced and contributed to the nineteenth century's neuropsychiatric discussion on the mind-brain relationship and brain topography. It was perhaps the first case to suggest the role of brain areas in determining personality and which specific parts of the brain, when affected, can induce specific mental changes. In addition, his case contributed to the emergence of the scientific approaches that would later culminate in psychosurgery. Gage is a fixed element in the studies of neurology, psychology, and neuroscience, having been solidified as one of the greatest medical curiosities of all time, deserving its prominence.

 

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