Vol. 14 nº 4 - Oct/Nov/Dec de 2020
Original Article Páginas: 403 a 411

Intensive naming training for low-educated demented and non-demented elderly

Authors Amanda Cristina de Souza Ferreira; Ariely Aurélio Silva; Lorrane Rodrigues Paiva; Corina Satler; Maysa Luchesi Cera


keywords: aged; dementia; aphasia; anomia; language therapy; language

Complaints about naming difficulties may be common in the elderly. In dementia, anomia is the most frequent symptom of language disorders. Naming training can improve lexical access and promote better quality of communication for elderly with or without dementia
OBJECTIVE: To analyze naming scores, response time and the generalization of responses for naming of neurotypical and demented low-educated older adults before and after receiving a naming training program, with and without oral comprehension stimulation.
METHOD: Twenty elderly participants, 10 with dementia and 10 neurotypical, were included after interview, screening for cognition and functionality. The naming training was based on retrieval practice and carried out in 5 sessions. Half of the group underwent exclusive naming training, while the other half received naming training associated with oral comprehension stimulation.
RESULTS: Elderly people with dementia performed better after training for scores on oral naming and comprehension of oral words, except for object manipulation. The response time for naming trained and untrained stimuli was also better for elderly people with dementia. After the intervention, neurotypical individuals performed statistically better in comprehension time and in the score in oral naming, comprehension of oral words and object manipulation, for trained and untrained words.
CONCLUSION: Naming training, exclusive or associated with oral comprehension, using the recovery technique benefits the language performance of neurotypical and demented elderly, and provides improvements even for untrained stimuli.


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