Vol. 14 nº 3 - Jul/Aug/Set de 2020
Case Report Páginas: 329 a 332

Speech in the foreign accent syndrome: differential diagnosis between organic and functional cases

Authors Simone dos Santos Barreto1; Karin Zazo Ortiz2

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keywords: speech disorders, speech production measurement, symptom assessment, diagnosis, differential.

ABSTRACT:
Foreign accent syndrome (FAS) is an extremely rare disorder, with 112 cases described until 2019. We compare two cases of the foreign accent syndrome in native speakers of Brazilian Portuguese in its classic form (FAS) and psychiatric variant (FALS). Two cases were analyzed: (1) a right-handed, 69-year-old man, with a prior history of stroke, and (2) a right-handed, 43-year-old woman, diagnosed with schizophrenia. They were evaluate for language and speech, including the speech intelligibility. Both patients had speech impairments complaints, similar to a new accent, without previous exposure to a foreign language. However, the onset of the speech disorder was sudden in case 1 and insidious and with transient events in case 2, with speech intelligibility scores of 95.5 and 55.3% respectively. Besides neurologic impairment, the clinical presentation of FALS was extremely severe and differed to that expected in FAS cases, in which speech intelligibility is preserved.

 

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