Vol. 14 nº 3 - Jul/Aug/Set de 2020
Original Article Páginas: 308 a 314

Phonetic-phonological performance of typical younger and aged adults from Brazil's capital city

Authors Tuany Aquino Nogueira1; Liara Dias da Silva1; Maysa Luchesi Cera1

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keywords: aging, language, speech, phonetics, aged, health of the elderly.

ABSTRACT:
Given the sociodemographic diversity in Brazil, it is fundamental to understand the speech performance of a sample from the Brazilian capital. The repetition task can assess phonological and motor-phonetic planning. Previous studies found phonological-phonetic performance of speakers to be associated with education, age, and other demographic factors.
OBJECTIVES: To compare the phonetic-phonological performance for speech of younger and aged adults in the capital of Brazil, Federal District (FD); to compare FD performance against national normative means based on São Paulo; to determine the association of phonetic-phonological agility with sociodemographic, cognitive, and neuropsychiatric variables for the sample.
METHODS: Cross-sectional study. A total of 60 volunteers from the FD, comprising 30 older adults and 30 younger ones, were stratified by education into two subgroups: 2-7 years and ≥8 years of education. Data on age, educational level, and socioeconomic status were collected. The Verbal Agility subtest of the Boston Diagnostic Aphasia Examination was applied to assess phonetic-phonological performance.
RESULTS: No statistically significant difference in performance for verbal agility was found between aged and younger adults from the FD.There was a statistically significant difference in the phonetic-phonological performance of the FD sample compared with the Brazilian normative mean values. Cognitive and socioeconomic variables were associated with verbal agility.
CONCLUSIONS: In the capital of Brazil, economic status, age, education, and cognitive variables were associated with verbal agility performance, despite there being no difference in phonetic-phonological performance between younger and aged adult groups. Regional differences in phonetic-phonological performance were also evident.

 

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