Vol. 14 nº 2 - Apr/May/Jun de 2020
Views & Reviews Páginas: 93 a 102

Daily functioning and dementia

Authors Gabriele Cipriani1,2; Sabrina Danti3; Lucia Picchi4; Angelo Nuti1; Mario Di Fiorino2

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keywords: activities of daily living (ADLs), dementia, functional abilities, instrumental activities of daily living (IADLs)

ABSTRACT:
Dementia is characterized by a decline in memory, language, problem-solving and in other cognitive domains that affect a person's ability to perform everyday activities and social functioning. It is consistently agreed that cognitive impairment is an important risk factor for developing functional disabilities in patients with dementia. Functional status can be conceptualized as the ability to perform self-care, self- maintenance and physical activity. A person with dementia usually requires help with more complex tasks, such as managing bills and finances, or simply maintaining a household. Good functional performance is fundamental for elderly people to maintain independency and avoid institutionalization. The purpose of this review is to describe functional changes in demented patients, evaluating the variability in subgroups of dementias.

 

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