Vol. 14 nº 1 - Jan/Feb/Mar de 2020
Original Article Páginas: 62 a 68

Practices and behaviors of professionals after falls in institutionalized elderly with and without cognitive decline

Authors Cristina Lavareda Baixinho1,2; Maria dos Anjos Dixe2,3

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keywords: accidental falls, elderly, caregivers, home for the aged, cognitive dysfunction, psychometrics.

ABSTRACT:
Falls are a major problem in nursing homes due to their high prevalence and impact on the functioning of elderly.
OBJECTIVE: This study aims to: a) construct and validate a scale for assessing the practices and behaviors of professionals from nursing homes after falls in elderly; b) describe practices and behaviors after falls; and c) associate practices and behaviors with professionals' length of experience, training and age.
METHODS: This is a correlational study, conducted in a sample of 152 professionals from six nursing homes. The study adhered to all of the Declaration of Helsinki principles.
RESULTS: The scale constructed has a Cronbach's alpha of 0.938. The 12 items of the scale are grouped into two factors. The most expressive indicators are the communication of fall episodes that result in severe injuries (4.64 ± 0.812) and the communication of falls that result in injuries and need intervention from health technicians (4.61 ± 0.832). We found no significant statistical difference between length of professional experience, training and age when associated with professional practices and behaviors after falls in elderly (p > 0.05).
CONCLUSION: Future studies should investigate the association of post-fall professional practices and behaviors with fear of another fall, fall recurrence, and changes in functioning of the elderly following a fall.

 

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