Vol. 13 nº 3 - Jul/Aug/Set de 2019
Original Article Páginas: 343 a 349

Subjective memory complaint and its relationship with cognitive changes and physical vulnerability of community-dwelling older adults

Authors Daniela Dalpubel1, Paulo Giusti Rossi2, Mariana Luciano de Almeida1, Estela Barbosa Ribeiro1, Renata Araújo1, Larissa Pires de Andrade2,3, Francisco de Assis Carvalho do Vale4

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keywords: memory complaint, cognitive impairment, physical vulnerability, elderly, informant.

ABSTRACT:
Memory complaint (MC) is common in older adults and can be confirmed by people close to them, such as family members and caregivers. Studies show an association between MC and cognitive impairment and, hence, physical vulnerability may exacerbate MC. However, the relationship between MC and physical vulnerability is not yet clear in the literature.\
OBJECTIVE: to investigate the association between MC, cognitive impairment, and physical vulnerability.
METHODS: this is a cross-sectional study. We evaluated 100 older adults with a mean age of 65 years or over. The Memory Complaint Scale (MCS), Addenbrooke's Cognitive Examination-Revised (ACE-R), Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE), Vulnerable Elderly Research-13 (VES-13), Geriatric Depression Scale and a sociodemographic questionnaire were applied.
RESULTS: participants were divided into two groups according to results on the MCS-A (elderly) and MCS-B (informant). Correlations were found between the MCS-A and the MMSE (p=.045/ρ=.201), ACE-R/Visual-Spatial (p=.048/ρ=.199), and ACE-R/Attention-Orientation (p=.026/ρ=.223). For the MCS-B, correlations were found with total score on the ACE-R (p=.044/ρ=-.202) and the ACE-R/Visual-Spatial (p=0.003/ρ=-.291).
CONCLUSION: MC reported by the informant indicate the need to assess, in more depth, the cognition of the older adult. Thus, for clinical practice, screening of MC through an informant is advised.

 

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