Vol. 12 nº 3 - Jul/Aug/Set de 2018
Original Article Páginas: 314 a 320

Correlation between cognitive functions and central auditory processing in adolescents with non-cholesteatomatous chronic otitis media

Authors Márcia Salgado Machado1; Adriane Ribeiro Teixeira2; Sady Selaimen da Costa3

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keywords: auditory perception, adolescent, attention, memory, executive function.

ABSTRACT:
Auditory deprivation associated with early otitis media with effusion has been considered a risk factor for central auditory processing (CAP), as well as for the development of a number of cognitive functions.
OBJECTIVE: To study the neuropsychological functions of attention, working memory and executive function in adolescents with and without non-cholesteatomatous chronic otitis media (NCCOM) and analyze their interrelationships with the behavioral evaluation of CAP.
METHODS: Sixty-eight adolescents were recruited, 34 were diagnosed with NCCOM (study group - SG), and 34 had no otological history (control group - CG). The Neupsilin Brief Neuropsychological Assessment Instrument was used. CAP was assessed by: Masking Level Difference, Synthetic Sentence Identification, Random Gap Detection Test, Duration Pattern Sequence Test and Dichotic Digits Test.
RESULTS: The results of Neupsilin showed lower scores in the study group when compared to the control group on the following tests: digit sequence repetition, ascending digit ordering, auditory sentence span, and phonemic verbal fluency. An association was found between central auditory processing tests and Neupsilin subtests.
CONCLUSION: The effects of NCCOM on attention, memory and executive function related to central auditory processing disorder in adolescents seem to be enhanced by the severity of the disease.

 

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