Vol. 11 nº 3 - Jul/Aug/Set de 2017
Original Article Páginas: 276 a 286

Motor learning characterization in people with autism spectrum disorder: A systematic review

Authors Íbis Ariana Peña de Moraes1; Thais Massetti2; Tânia Brusque Crocetta3; Talita Dias da Silva4; Lilian Del Ciello de Menezes2; Carlos Bandeira de Mello Monteiro2; Fernando Henrique Magalhães1

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keywords: motor learning, motor skill, motor control, performance.

ABSTRACT:
Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) is a neurodevelopmental disorder primarily characterized by deficits in social interaction, communication and implicit skill learning.
OBJECTIVE: To analyse the results of research on "motor learning" and the means used for measuring "autistic disorder".
METHODS: A systematic literature search was done using Medline/PubMed, Web of Science, BVS (virtual health library), and PsycINFO. We included articles that contained the keywords "autism" and "motor learning". The variables considered were the methodological aspects; results presented, and the methodological quality of the studies.
RESULTS: A total of 42 studies were identified; 33 articles were excluded because they did not meet the inclusion criteria. Data were extracted from nine eligible studies and summarized.
CONCLUSION: We concluded that although individuals with ASD showed performance difficulties in different memory and motor learning tasks, acquisition of skills still takes place in this population; however, this skill acquisition is related to heterogeneous events, occurring without the awareness of the individual.

 

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