Vol. 11 nº 2 - Apr/May/Jun de 2017
Original Article Páginas: 145 a 153

Symptoms of depression in patients with mild cognitive impairment in Parkinson's disease

Authors Ana Lara Soares Blum Malak1; Luiz Felipe Vasconcellos2,3; João Santos Pereira2; Denise Vieira Greca1; Manuela Cruz1; Heloisa Veiga Dias Alves1; Mariana Sptiz2,3; Helenice Charchat-Fichman1

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keywords: Parkinson's disease, depression, cognition, mild cognitive impairment.

ABSTRACT:
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the most frequent depressive symptoms and their association with cognition in Parkinson's disease (PD) patients with mild cognitive impairment (MCI).
METHODS: 48 patients with PD and 44 controls (CG), aged between 50 and 80 years and with at least 4 years of formal education, all with MCI and none diagnosed with depression, were assessed. Patients and controls were matched for age, education, and Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE) score. Participants underwent clinical evaluation with a neurologist followed by neuropsychological assessment employing the instruments: MMSE, Clock Drawing Test, Verbal Fluency Test (semantic and phonemic), Figures Memory Test (FMT), Stroop Test, Trail Making Test, Digit Span (WAIS III), Rey Auditory Verbal Learning Test (RAVLT), Hooper Visual Organization Test, and Beck Depression Inventory (BDI).
RESULTS: The most frequent depressive symptoms in the PD group were: difficulty working, fatigue and sleep disorders (the latter also being present in CG). BDI score correlated negatively with learning and recognition memory in both groups. Episodic memory, evaluated by the FMT and RAVLT tests, was the cognitive function showing greatest impairment.
CONCLUSION: Some of the depressive symptoms observed in PD patients with MCI seem to be attributable to complications of PD, while others are common to both PD and MCI, making differential diagnoses complex but crucial.

 

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