Vol. 10 nº 3 - Jul/Aug/Set de 2016
Case Report Páginas: 247 a 250

Brazilian National Anthem presenting as musical hallucination: A case report with 9-year follow-up

Authors José Eduardo Martinelli; Juliana Francisca Cecato; Ivan Aprahamian


keywords: elderly, musical hallucination, differential diagnosis, treatment.

Musical hallucination is a type of complex auditory hallucination. Possible etiologies are deafness, psychiatric disorders such as schizophrenia, major depression, use of medication and stress, besides neurologic diseases including epilepsy, stroke and cancer. Uncommon etiologies encompass infectious diseases, metabolic disorders, and sensory deprivation. Although musical hallucinations have a major impact on patients' lives, they have been undervalued and understudied in the literature. We report a case of a 79-year-old woman with musical hallucination (hearing a sung National anthem) without cognitive impairment or hearing loss. The patient had preserved insight of her complaint and responded well to neuroleptics.


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