Vol. 9 nº 2 - Apr/May/Jun de 2015
Original Article Páginas: 156 a 164

Brazilian adaptation of the Hotel Task: A tool for the ecological assessment of executive functions

Authors Caroline de Oliveira Cardoso1; Nicolle Zimmermann1; Camila Borges Paraná2; Gigiane Gindri1; Ana Paula Almeida de Pereira2; Rochele Paz Fonseca1

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keywords: neuropsychology, executive functions, adaptation, Hotel Task.

ABSTRACT:
Over recent years, neuropsychological research has been increasingly concerned with the need to develop more ecologically valid instruments for the assessment of executive functions. The Hotel Task is one of the most widely used ecological measures of executive functioning, and provides an assessment of planning, organization, self-monitoring and cognitive flexibility.
OBJECTIVE: The goal of this study was to adapt the Hotel Task for use in the Brazilian population.
METHODS: The sample comprised 27 participants (three translators, six expert judges, seven healthy adults, ten patients with traumatic brain injuries and one hotel manager). The adaptation process consisted of five steps, which were repeated until a satisfactory version of the task was produced. The steps were as follows: (1) Translation; (2) Development of new stimuli and brainstorming among the authors; (3) Analysis by expert judges; (4) Pilot studies; (5) Assessment by an expert in business administration and hotel management.
RESULTS: The adapted version proved adequate and valid for the assessment of executive functions. However, further research must be conducted to obtain evidence of the reliability, as well as the construct and criterion validity, sensitivity and specificity, of the Hotel Task.
CONCLUSION: Many neurological and/or psychiatric populations may benefit from the adapted task, since it may make significant contributions to the assessment of dysexecutive syndromes and their impact on patient functioning.

 

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