Vol. 8 nº 4 - Oct/Nov/Dec de 2014
Original Article Páginas: 364 a 370

Cognitive impairment and risk factor prevalence in a population over 60 in Argentina

Authors Raul L. Arizaga1,2; Roxana E. Gogorza2; Ricardo F. Allegri3; Patricia D. Baumann2; María C. Morales2; Paula Harris3; Vicente Pallo4; María M. Cegarra2

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keywords: cognitive impairment, dementia, risk factors, developing countries, Argentina.

ABSTRACT:
Epidemiological data on dementia and cognitive impairment are scarce in South America. In Argentina, no dementia/cognitive impairment population-based epidemiological studies are available. The Ceibo Study is a population-based epidemiological study of dementia and cognitive impairment in individuals over 60 to be conducted. The present paper reports the results of the pilot phase (survey of cognitive impairment) conducted in Cañuelas (province of Buenos Aires).
METHODS: In a door-to-door survey, trained high school students evaluated 1453 individuals aged 60 years and over in one day using a demographic data and risk factors questionnaire, the Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE) and the 15-item Geriatric Depression Scale (GDS).
RESULTS: Mean age of the individuals was 70.9 (±7.5) years, 61.4% were women, mean schooling was 5.5 (±3.5) years. Mean MMSE score was 24.5 (±4.7) and mean GDS 3.1 (±2.7). Risk factors of higher prevalence in the population under study were: hypertension (40.6%), smoking (35.1%), alcohol consumption (32.8%), high cholesterol (16.1%), diabetes (12.5%), cranial trauma with loss of consciousness (12.5%), 7 points or more on the GDS (11.7%). Prevalence of cognitive impairment for the whole sample was 23%, and 16.9% in subjects aged 60-69, 23.3% in 70-79 and 42.5% in subjects aged 80 or over . A significant correlation of cognitive impairment with age, functional illiteracy, cranial trauma, high blood pressure, inactivity and depression was found.
CONCLUSION: In this pilot study, the prevalence of cognitive impairment was comparable with previous international studies.

 

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