Vol. 8 nº 1 - Jan/Feb/Mar de 2014
Original Article Páginas: 26 a 31

Performance of an adult Brazilian sample on the Trail Making Test and Stroop Test

Authors Kenia Repiso Campanholo1; Marcos Antunes Romão1; Melissa de Almeida Rodrigues Machado1; Valéria Trunkl Serrao1; Denise Gonçalves Cunha Coutinho1; Gláucia Rosana Guerra Benute1; Eliane Correa Miotto2; Mara Cristina Souza de Lucia1

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keywords: attention, Trail Making Test, Stroop test, demographic analysis.

ABSTRACT:
OBJECTIVE: The Trail Making Test (TMT) and Stroop Test (ST) are attention tests widely used in clinical practice and research. The aim of this study was to provide normative data for the adult Brazilian population and to study the influence of gender, age and education on the TMT parts A and B, and ST cards A, B and C.
METHODS: We recruited 1447 healthy subjects aged >18 years with an educational level of 0-25 years who were native speakers of Portuguese (Brazilian). The subjects were evaluated by the Matrix Reasoning and Vocabulary subtests of the Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale-III, along with the TMTA, TMTB and ST A, B and C.
RESULTS: Among the participants, mean intellectual efficiency was 103.20 (SD: 12.0), age 41.0 (SD: 16.4) years and education 11.9 (SD: 5.6) years. There were significant differences between genders on the TMTA (p=0.002), TMTB (p=0.017) and STC (p=0.024). Age showed a positive correlation with all attention tests, whereas education showed a negative correlation. Gender was not found to be significant on the multiple linear regression model, but age and education maintained their interference.
CONCLUSION: Gender did not have the major impact on attentional tasks observed for age and education, both of which should be considered in the stratification of normative samples.

 

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