Vol. 8 nº 1 - Jan/Feb/Mar de 2014
Views & Reviews Páginas: 14 a 19

Sport-related concussions

Authors Jéssica Natuline Ianof1; Fabio Rios Freire1,2; Vanessa Tomé Gonçalves Calado1,2; Juliana Rhein Lacerda1,2; Fernanda Coelho1,2; Silvia Veitzman1,2; Magali Taino Schmidt1; Sergio Machado3; Bruna Velasques4; Pedro Ribeiro4; Luis Fernando Hindi Basile5,6; Wellingson Silva Paiva2,6; Robson Amorim2,6; Renato Anghinah1,2


keywords: TBI, traumatic brain injury, concussion, sports.

Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is a major cause of lifelong disability and death worldwide. Sport-related traumatic brain injury is an important public health concern. The purpose of this review was to highlight the importance of sportrelated concussions. Concussion refers to a transient alteration in consciousness induced by external biomechanical forces transmitted directly or indirectly to the brain. It is a common, although most likely underreported, condition. Contact sports such as American football, rugby, soccer, boxing, basketball and hockey are associated with a relatively high prevalence of concussion. Various factors may be associated with a greater risk of sport-related concussion, such as age, sex, sport played, level of sport played and equipment used. Physical complaints (headache, fatigue, dizziness), behavioral changes (depression, anxiety, irritability) and cognitive impairment are very common after a concussion. The risk of premature return to activities includes the prolongation of post-concussive symptoms and increased risk of concussion recurrence.


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