Vol. 8 nº 1 - Jan/Feb/Mar de 2014
Views & Reviews Páginas: 3 a 13

Action/Verb processing: Debates in neuroimaging and the contribution of studies in patients with Parkinson's disease

Authors Henrique Salmazo da Silva1; Juliana Machado1; André Cravo1; Maria Alice de Mattos Pimenta Parente1; Maria Teresa Carthery-Goulart1,2

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keywords: Parkinson's disease, language disorders, semantics.

ABSTRACT:
The objective of the current review was to verify whether studies investigating lexical-semantic difficulties in patients with Parkinson's disease (PD) support the Embodied Cognition model. Under this framework, it is predicted that patients with PD will have more difficulties in the semantic processing of action concepts (action verbs) than of motionless objects. We also verified how and whether these studies are following current debates of Neuroscience, particularly the debate between the Lexical and the Embodied Cognition models. Recent neuroimaging studies on the neural basis of the semantics of verbs were presented, as well as others that focused on the neural processing of verbs in PD. We concluded that few studies suitably verified the Embodied Cognition theory in the context of PD, especially using neuroimaging techniques. These limitations show there is much to investigate on the semantic difficulties with action verbs in these patients, where it is particularly important to control for psycholinguistic variables and the inherent semantic characteristics of verbs in future studies.

 

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