Vol. 7 nº 2 - Apr/May/Jun de 2013
Original Article Páginas: 206 a 209

Cognitive assessment in an elderly population with metabolic syndrome in Brazil

Authors Nadia Shigaeff1,2; Alessandro Ferrari Jacinto1; Fabio Gazelato de Mello Franco2; Gabriela Chiochetta1; Maysa Seabra Cendoroglo1; Vanessa de Albuquerque Cítero1

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keywords: metabolic syndrome X, neuropsychological tests, cognition disorders, memory, attention, elderly.

ABSTRACT:
Chronic degenerative conditions are very common in the elderly. According to medical literature, there is a correlation between cognitive impairment among elders and arterial hypertension/hyperglycemia which in turn are common diseases among the elderly population worldwide. Nonetheless, data on the association between cognitive impairment and Metabolic Syndrome (MetS) remains controversial.
OBJECTIVE: To compare the cognitive status of Brazilian elderly outpatients with and without MetS.
METHODS: A cross-sectional case-control study with 49 subjects (25 MetS and 24 controls) who underwent a global geriatric and neuropsychological assessment was carried out. The scores for cognitive abilities (sustained attention, alternating attention, immediate memory, working memory, memory - immediate recall, memory - delayed recall, memory - recognition, executive function, ideomotor praxis, constructive praxis, naming ability, verbal fluency) were compared with the data for the normal population and differences between case and control groups were analyzed using Student's t-test or the Mann-Whitney test.
RESULTS: Forty-five patients (91.8%) were female, with a mean age of 73.9±5.9 years, and 3.0±1.0 years of schooling. A significant difference (p<0.01) was found between case and control groups regarding the MetS components. For cognitive abilities, no statistically significant difference was detected between the groups and all subjects presented low cognitive scores.
CONCLUSION: The results obtained in the present study showed that MetS was not associated with cognitive impairment in this population. Further prospective studies are necessary to investigate the influence of well-controlled MetS on cognitive performance among elders.

 

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