Vol. 5 nº 3 - Jul/Aug/Set de 2011
Views & Reviews Páginas: 153 a 166

Cognitive, functional and behavioral assessment: Alzheimer's disease

Authors Márcia L.F. Chaves1; Claudia C. Godinho1; Claudia S. Porto2; Leticia Mansur2,3; Maria Teresa Carthery-Goulart2; Mônica S. Yassuda2,4; Rogério Beato5; Group Recommendations in Alzheimer's Disease and Vascular Dementia of the Brazilian Academy of Neurology

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keywords: consensus, guidelines, functional assessment, cognitive evaluation, behavioral assessment

ABSTRACT:
A review of the evidence on cognitive, functional and behavioral assessment for the diagnosis of dementia due to Alzheimer's disease (AD) is presented with revision and broadening of the recommendations on the use of tests and batteries in Brazil for the diagnosis of dementia due to AD. A systematic review of the literature (MEDLINE, LILACS and SCIELO database) was carried out by a panel of experts. Studies on the validation and/or adaptation of tests, scales and batteries for the Brazilian population were analyzed and classified according to level of evidence. There were sufficient data to recommend the IQCODE, DAFS-R, DAD, ADL-Q and Bayer scale for the evaluation of instrumental activities of daily living, and the Katz scale for the assessment of basic activities of daily living. For the evaluation of neuropsychiatric symptoms, the Neuropsychiatric Inventory (NPI) and the CAMDEX were found to be useful, as was the Cornell scale for depression in dementia. The Mini-Mental State Examination has clinical utility as a screening test, as do the multifunctional batteries (CAMCOG-R, ADAS-COG, CERAD and MDRS) for brief evaluations of several cognitive domains. There was sufficient evidence to recommend the CDR scale for clinical and severity assessment of dementia. Tests for Brazilian Portuguese are recommended by cognitive domain based on available data.

 

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