Vol. 5 nº 1 - Jan/Feb/Mar de 2011
Views & Reviews Páginas: 17 a 25

Cognitive rehabilitation following traumatic brain injury

Authors Fabio Rios Freire1; Fernanda Coelho1; Juliana Rhein Lacerda1; Marcio Fernando da Silva1; Vanessa Tome Gonçalves1; Sergio Machado2; Bruna Velasques2; Pedro Ribeiro2; Luis Fernando Hindi Basile3; Arthur Maynart Pereira Oliveira3; Wellingson Silva Paiva3; Paulo Afonso Medeiros Kanda1; Renato Anghinah1

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keywords: TBI, traumatic brain injury, cognitive rehabilitation.

ABSTRACT:
Annually, some 500,000 people are hospitalized with brain lesions acquired after traumatic brain injury (TBI) in Brazil. Between 75,000 and 100,000 individuals die within hours of the event and 70,000 to 90,000 evolve to irreversible loss of some neurological function. The principal causes of TBI include motor vehicle accidents (50%), falls (21%), assaults and robberies (12%) and accidents during leisure activities (10%). Within this context, cognitive rehabilitation, a clinical area encompassing interdisciplinary action aimed at recovery as well as compensation of cognitive functions altered as a result of cerebral injury, is extremely important for these individuals. Therefore, the aim of this study was to review the basic concepts related to TBI, including mechanisms of injury, severity levels of TBI, the most common findings in moderate and severe TBI survivors, and the most frequent cognitive impairments following TBI, and also to discuss the strategies used to handle patients post-TBI. The study results yielded relevant information on a structured cognitive rehabilitation service, representing an alternative for patients and families afflicted by TBI, enabling the generation of multiple research protocols.

 

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