Vol. 2 nº 4 - Oct/Nov/Dec de 2008
Case Report Páginas: 356 a 361

Postencephalitic amnesia with long term-working memory impairment: a case report

Authors Beatriz Baldivia1, Pablo Resende Saa2, Maria Sheila Guimarães Rocha3, Sonia Maria Dozzi Brucki3


keywords: encephalitis, episodic memory impairment, naming deficit, confabulation.

Herpes simplex virus encephalitis (HSVE) is an inflammation of the brain parenchyma caused by virus, leading to focal necrosis in medial temporal lobes, hippocampal complex and basal forebrain. Cognitively, HSVE is associated to many dysfunctions which vary according to the extent of the lesion. Episodic memory impairment is the most common sequelae following HSVE episodes, although others can occur. The aim of this case report was to describe the cognitive profile of a 42 year-old man who had extensive bilateral damage to the medial temporal lobe, insular bilateral and orbitofrontal cortices due to HSVE. Severe anterograde and retrograde amnesia, naming deficits, perseverative behaviors and confabulations were observed on neuropsychological assessment. We discussed the concept of long term-working memory based on this evaluation. These cognitive impairments corroborated HSVE previous findings in the literature.


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