Vol. 4 nº 2 - Apr/May/Jun de 2010
Case Report Páginas: 145 a 150

Oral infections and orofacial pain in Alzheimer's disease: Case report and review

Authors Silvia Regina Dowgan T. de Siqueira1, Thaís de Souza Rolim2, Manoel Jacobsen Teixeira3, Ricardo Nitrini4, Renato Anghinah5, José Tadeu T. de Siqueira6


keywords: Alzheimer's disease, elderly, dementia, temporomandibular disorder, orofacial pain.

Dental infections, frequent in the general population, are a common cause of inflammation with systemic impact, and are the most common cause of orofacial pain. Temporomandibular disorders are also frequent in the elderly and represent an important cause of secondary headache. Both inflammation and pain can also contribute to cognitive, functional and behavioral impairment of the elderly and aggravate symptoms of patients with Alzheimer's disease (AD). We report a case of a 74-year-old woman with AD and chronic facial pain who had a significant improvement in functional activities as well as in cognition and depressive symptoms after successful treatment of her facial pain. Patients with AD have higher compromise of oral health with infections and teeth loss. The investigation of orofacial pain should be performed in patients with AD, because of the associations reviewed and given the potential for improvement as highlighted by this case.


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