Vol. 4 nº 2 - Apr/May/Jun de 2010
Original Article Páginas: 114 a 119

Effects of cognitive training based on metamemory and mental images

Authors Thaís Bento Lima-Silva1, Tiago Nascimento Ordonez1, Glenda Dias dos Santos1, Aline Teixeira Fabrício2, Flávia Ogava Aramaki2, Evany Bettine de Almeida2, Débora Lee Vianna-Paulo1, Mayne Patrício Malagutti1, Ana Carolina Valente-Oliveira1, Amanda Iwasaki2, Gisele dos Santos Souza2, Mônica Sanches Yassuda3


keywords: cognitive training, cognition, mental images, self-efficacy, metamemory, elderly, aging.

There is scant research evidence regarding training effects among elderly with limited educational experience. Research indicating an association between metamemory and memory performance is based on samples of older adults with at least 12 years of education. Objectives: To test the efficacy of a cognitive training program based on the creation of mental images and changes in specific aspects of metamemory in individuals with 3 to 15 years of education (M=8.38, SD=4.24). Methods: 37 older adults participated in five training sessions (Training Group (TG)) and 32 control subjects completed only pre and post test assessments (Control Group (CG)) including the Mini Mental Status Examination (MMSE), the Geriatric Depression Scale (GDS), the Brief Cognitive Screening Battery (BCSB)(naming and memorization of 10 pictures, animal category verbal fluency test, the Clock Drawing Test (CDT)), the Story subtest from the Rivermead Behavioural Memory Test (RBMT), the Memory Complaint Questionnaire (MAC-Q), and the Picture and Story domains from the Memory Self-Efficacy Questionnaire (MSEQ). Results: The TG showed significant improvement between pre and post tests on the delayed recall of the 10 pictures and in self-efficacy for the memorization of stories. These same changes were not found in the CG. Conclusions: Five-session cognitive training may lead to significant improvements in episodic memory and memory self-efficacy, an aspect of metamemory, in individuals with an average of 8 years of education.


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