Vol. 4 nº 2 - Apr/May/Jun de 2010
Original Article Páginas: 98 a 103

Analysis of error type and frequency in apraxia of speech among Portuguese speakers

Authors Maysa Luchesi Cera1, Thaís Soares Cianciarullo Minett2, Karin Zazo Ortiz3

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keywords: articulation disorders, apraxias, diagnosis, rehabilitation of speech and language disorders.

ABSTRACT:
Most studies characterizing errors in the speech of patients with apraxia involve English language. Objectives: To analyze the types and frequency of errors produced by patients with apraxia of speech whose mother tongue was Brazilian Portuguese. Methods: 20 adults with apraxia of speech caused by stroke were assessed. The types of error committed by patients were analyzed both quantitatively and qualitatively, and frequencies compared. Results: We observed the presence of substitution, omission, trial-and-error, repetition, self-correction, anticipation, addition, reiteration and metathesis, in descending order of frequency, respectively. Omission type errors were one of the most commonly occurring whereas addition errors were infrequent. These findings differed to those reported in English speaking patients, probably owing to differences in the methodologies used for classifying error types; the inclusion of speakers with apraxia secondary to aphasia; and the difference in the structure of Portuguese language to English in terms of syllable onset complexity and effect on motor control. Conclusions: The frequency of omission and addition errors observed differed to the frequency reported for speakers of English.

 

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