Vol. 4 nº 1 - Jan/Feb/Mar de 2010
Case Report Páginas: 79 a 83

Dementia in Fragile X-associated Tremor/Ataxia Syndrome

Authors Ricardo Nitrini1, Márcia Rúbia R. Gonçalves1, Leonardo P. Capelli2, Egberto Reis Barbosa1, Cláudia Sellitto Porto3, Edson Amaro4, Paulo Alberto Otto5, Angela M. Vianna-Morgante6


keywords: fragile X, dementia, tremor, essencial tremor, ataxia, premutation.

Fragile X-associated tremor/ataxia syndrome (FXTAS) is a cause of movement disorders and cognitive decline which has probably been underdiagnosed, especially if its prevalence proves similar to those of progressive supranuclear palsy and amyotrophic lateral sclerosis. We report a case of a 74-year-old man who presented with action tremor, gait ataxia and forgetfulness. There was a family history of tremor and dementia, and one of the patient's grandsons was mentally deficient. Neuropsychological evaluation disclosed a frontal network syndrome. MRI showed hyperintensity of both middle cerebellar peduncles, a major diagnostic hallmark of FXTAS. Genetic testing revealed premutation of the FMR1 gene with an expanded (CGG)90 repeat. The diagnosis of FXTAS is important for genetic counseling because the daughters of the affected individuals are at high risk of having offspring with fragile X syndrome. Tremors and cognitive decline should raise the diagnostic hypothesis of FXTAS, which MRI may subsequently reinforce, while the detection of the FMR1 premutation can confirm the condition.


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